Pearls of the Bay of Kotor
After a short trip of about 25 minutes, we arrive in Perast. The town is famous for its maritime legacy which made it the center of the Bay of Kotor during its peak in the 17th and 18th century. Witnessing to Perasts' fame today are the richly decorated facades and beautiful architecture of its Venetian palaces once home to world renown sailors.
Gospa Od Skrpjela
Perast is also famous for two islands off of its coast. The island of Our Lady of the Rocks was originally just a small reef, which was shaped through centuries by traditional rock placement by local sailors and is now the only island in the Adriatic Sea which is manmade. The church on the island has a rich baroque interior and proudly displays the beautiful paintings that were made by local painter Tripo Kokolja. The ceiling of the church is famous for its depiction of the Assumption of Our Lady. This giant work of art is the largest Baroque painting located on the territory of the former Yugoslavia. Also, the church has the largest ex voto (offerings to a saint) silver collection in the world. In the annex of the church there is a small historical and maritime museum. By boat we will see all of this splendor.
The municipality of Kotor (Italian: Cattaro; Latin: Acruvium) has approximately 25,000 inhabitants with the old town as its center.
Kotor is an ancient port and trading town, situated on the outmost point of the Bay of Kotor (popularly known as "Europe's southernmost fjord"). The old town is encircled by an impressive fortress wall and is on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Kotor is one of the most spectacular Mediterranean landscapes thanks to its old town and almost vertical cliffs rising from the sea.
The old town was built by the Nemanjic dynasty. Kotor and its surroundings were ruled by the Republic of Venice between 1420 and 1797 which shaped most of the towns medieval Venetian style which is seen today. After the Republic of Venice the town came under Austro-Hungarian (Habsburg Empire) rule.
Kotor is one of the main tourist attractions of Montenegro. Stroll down the pleasant squares, narrow streets and visit the cathedral of Saint Tryphon from the 9th century, the Orthodox churches of St. Luke from 12th century, the rebuilt St. Nicholas church from the early 20th century and the Maritime Museum of Kotor.